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What Is Infertility?

Infertility is the inability to become pregnant after one year of intercourse without contraception involving a male and female partner. This affects 8-15% of couples. Infertility can be male infertility or female infertility and medical help should be taken for the treatment. A doctor who treats infertility is known as an infertility specialists. These doctors train in Endocrinology, gynecology and andrology.

Who Treats Infertility?

In india fertility issues are treated primarily by gynecologists who train further in fertility medicine. They often refer the patients to endocrinologists for management of complex hormonal defects, if present.

What Are The Causes Of Infertility?

The general risk factors of infertility are advancing maternal age, alcohol, tobacco, exercise difficulties, being overweight or underweight. The causes of infertility in women can be ovulation disorders, tubal occlusion, pelvic adhesions, endometrial polyps and uterine fibroid. In men, abnormal sperm production, problems with sperm functioning and overexposure to environmental factors are the causes of infertility.

What Are The Symptoms Of Infertility?

The main sign of infertility is the inability to conceive. The visibility of symptoms hugely depends on the causes of infertility. Usually, female infertility is due to hormonal issues. The common symptoms found in women are abnormal periods, no periods changes is sexual desire, hair loss, weight gain/loss and white discharge from the nipples. In the case of men, the symptoms are a lump in the testicles, erectile dysfunction, small testicles, changes in hair growth, etc.

Treatment Methods

Hair fall control is a holistic approach, it is not just based on medications and food supplements, but also changes in lifestyle and diet of the patient. The Trichologist will start with an analysis of the root cause of hair loss, hair breakage, weakening of hair medulla, infections on the scalp and then proceed with the treatment according to causes. The treatment shall mainly concentrate on preventing hair loss and advancing the immediate condition of hair and scalp, with various alternatives. The alternatives can be surgical and non-surgical processes to treat any disorder in both men and women. There might be a need for repeated treatment for permanent results. Hair loss and scalp issues can affect the patient’s confidence & self esteem. Consulting a hair and scalp specialist online, can help with diagnosis of the issue in complete privacy.

What Do Our Fertility Doctors Treat?

Reproductive Endocrinologist and fertility specialists at DocsApp are specialized in both male and female infertility. They carry a variety of roles concerned with various fertility conditions, right from the diagnosis and treatment to the prevention process. The doctors also create plans for future conception for the couple, using In vitro fertilization and fertility preservation technology (IVF and FPT). They may provide options to prevent infertility by egg freezing, embryo freezing or ovarian tissue freezing. They assist the patient in facing issues with sperm count, urinary infections, primary and secondary infertility etc.

Artificial Insemination -

Artificial insemination is the process of deposition of the male semen sample in the women uterus, which was prepared previously. It is done to increase the potency of the sperm so that the egg is fertilized. This will decrease the distance between ovum and sperm so that conception is possible. The semen can be donated or taken from the male partner.

Female Infertility -

The treatment may depend on various factors like the age of the patient, the tenure of infertility and cause of infertility. the common tests for female infertility will include hysterosalpingography, ovulation testing, hormone testing, etc.

Male Infertility -

It is usually diagnosed with the help of semen analysis, testicular biopsy, scrotal ultrasound, genetic tests, and Post-ejaculation urinalysis. The treatments for male infertility include surgery, medications and assisted reproductive technology.

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Polycystic ovarian syndrome ( P C O S) [ Formerly called polycystic ovarian disease] -

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a set of symptoms due to elevated androgens (male hormones) in femalesSigns and symptoms of PCOS include irregular or no menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, pelvic pain, difficulty getting pregnant, and patches of thick, darker, velvety skin.Associated conditions include type 2 diabetes, obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, heart disease, mood disorders, and endometrial cancer. This is the leading cause of infertility in India.

I V F -

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process that is helpful in fertilization, embryo maturation, and implantation, to help the patient conceive. VF is also known as test tube baby procedure.

Low Sperm Count -

The medical causes of low sperm count can be infections, varicocele, sperm attacking antibodies, tumor, chromosome defects, etc. If the patient wishes to protect his fertility then he shall not smoke, limit drinking habits, maintain a healthy diet and exercise.

Primary Infertility -

Primary infertility, refers to a condition where the couple has never been able to conceive.

Secondary Infertility -

Secondary infertility indicates that the couple has been through pregnancy before but has failed to conceive later on. Mostly the causes of secondary infertility are found in men due to weakened sperm production, function or delivery.

Uterine Issues -

Uterine diseases are also known as endometriosis. They are conditions affecting the uterus or reproductive system. Some common uterine issues faced by patients are uterine fibroid, uterine prolapse and uterine tuberculosis. They can be treated with the help of medications, surgery and exercises.

Frequently Asked Questions

The advised period ranges from 6 months to 2 years
Depends completely on the condition, the kind of treatment and the individual.

Individuals may be required to take multiple rounds of injections and investigations, which may cause varying levels of discomfort. It also depends on the individual’s pain tolerance.
There are many tests like hormone-related Lab tests, ultrasound tests, hysterosalpingography, serial ovulatory scans, sperm count, blood count, hormonal essays and more that can provide doctors with the needed indicators.

The best procedure for an individual would depend on the cause of infertility. This is subject to case-to-case evaluation. Medical history and investigations would play a big part in determining the best course of action.
IVF is recommended when the individuals have certain conditions like- women with poor egg count, men with poor sperm count, genetic abnormalities. However there are other ways to conceive a child like IUI and other types of Artificial Reproductive Technology (ART).

Yes, to an extent, depending on your condition and lifestyle. PCOS, diabetes, obesity, stress, smoking etc. can impair reproductive health. Lifestyle improvements can significantly and positively affect your reproductive health.
Yes they can. Conditions specific to men like oligospermia, azoospermia, nospermia, poor-quality sperm count can cause infertility.

No. However, it is advisable to only start contraceptives under expert advice