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Chronic Kidney Injury- Know the treatment options

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function over time. CKD may be caused by diabetes, high blood pressure, and other disorders. Early detection and treatment can often keep chronic kidney disease from getting worse.

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Home > Chronic Kidney Injury

Chronic Kidney Injury- Know the treatment options

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function over time. CKD may be caused by diabetes, high blood pressure, and other disorders. Early detection and treatment can often keep chronic kidney disease from getting worse.

Amitabh Bachchan mob

Condition

Causes

Symptoms

Specialists

Insurance

Condition

first condition

What is a Chronic Kidney Disease?

Gradual loss of kidney function is called chronic kidney disease (CKD) or chronic renal insufficiency. People with CKD may go on to develop permanent kidney failure. They also have a high risk of death from a stroke or heart attack.view more

How to diagnose AKI? When to go to a doctor?

The National Kidney Foundation recommends three simple tests to screen for kidney disease: a blood pressure measurement, a spot check for protein or albumin in the urine, and a calculation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) based on a serum creatinine measurement. Measuring urea nitrogen in the blood provides additional information. USG, CT or a kidney biopsy may be recommended if a blood/urine test suggests any derangement.

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second condition

Condition

Condition one

What is a Chronic Kidney Disease?

Gradual loss of kidney function is called chronic kidney disease (CKD) or chronic renal insufficiency. People with CKD may go on to develop permanent kidney failure. They also have a high risk of death from a stroke or heart attack.

view more

Condition two

How to diagnose AKI? When to go to a doctor?

The National Kidney Foundation recommends three simple tests to screen for kidney disease: a blood pressure measurement, a spot check for protein or albumin in the urine, and a calculation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) based on a serum creatinine measurement. Measuring urea nitrogen in the blood provides additional information. USG, CT or a kidney biopsy may be recommended if a blood/urine test suggests any derangement.

view more

Causes

  • Uncontrolled or poorly managed diabetes or Prolonged high blood pressure
  • inflammation in the kidney's filtering units glomeruli (glomerulonephritis)
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease
  • Urinary Tract Obstructions

Symptoms

  • Changes in urination
  • Swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, face, and/or hands, and puffiness around the eyes
  • Increased fatigue and sleepiness, decrease in appetite
  • Shortness of breath and Unexplained weakness

Causes

  • Uncontrolled or poorly managed diabetes or Prolonged high blood pressure
  • inflammation in the kidney's filtering units glomeruli (glomerulonephritis)
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease
  • Urinary Tract Obstructions

Symptoms

  • Changes in urination
  • Swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, face, and/or hands, and puffiness around the eyes
  • Increased fatigue and sleepiness, decrease in appetite
  • Shortness of breath and Unexplained weakness

Management and Treatment of the condition and complications if left untreated

Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) Hemodialysis Other options depending on the severity of the disease include: Surgery: Surgical treatments are performed depending on the condition and the stage of the disease. Some common surgical procedures are laparoscopic urologic surgery, robotic surgery, kidney transplantation and reconstructive surgery of the urinary tract. Lifestyle Changes: In conditions such as Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), doctors recommended some lifestyle changes to the patient in the initial stages to control the symptoms. This may include limiting the amount of caffeine, quitting smoking, drinking enough water to stay hydrated and consumption of cranberry juice. Medical Therapy: Your doctor will prescribe medications to cure the kidney disease. The medications may range from antibiotics to chemotherapy drugs, depending on theview more

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The recovery period involves keeping the surgical site clean, dressing changes as advised by the healthcare provider, and avoiding pressure or friction on the affected area to promote healing. Most people can resume normal activities within a few days to a couple of weeks after the procedure, with complete healing typically occurring within a few weeks.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Maintaining a healthy diet, controlling blood sugar and blood pressure, quitting smoking, regular exercise, and limiting sodium and protein intake can help manage CKD.

Currently, the cure to CKD is challenging, but management strategies including lifestyle changes, medications, and treatments like dialysis or kidney transplantation can help slow its progression and manage symptoms.

While CKD is not generally reversible, early detection and appropriate management can help slow its progression, preserve kidney function, and improve quality of life.