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Gallstones Surgery in

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Amitabh Bachchan


Gallstones: What Is It?

In some individuals, tiny crystal-like structures called gallstones are formed in the gallbladder, which is situated below the liver. There are various reasons behind the formation of gallstones, like the presence of excess cholesterol or bilirubin in the bile juice present in the gallbladder. The gallbladder stores bile juice secreted by the liver. The role of bile juice is to digest the food and fats in the small intestine. Generally, the bile flows from the gallbladder into the small intestine through the bile duct and digests food. However, gallstones can block the bile duct and prevent bile flow into the colon. The bile stays inside the gallbladder. This causes severe pain, swelling and infection. It can also cause jaundice. Gallstones are treated with gallstone surgery.

Gallstones : Causes

The gallbladder stores the bile secreted by the liver. These liquids aid in the breakdown of fats and food. Normally, the bile duct allows the bile juice to enter the small intestine, where it digests the meal. Sometimes, the bile duct is blocked by a gallstone, preventing bile flow into the colon. Having high cholesterol or bilirubin in the stored bile in the gallbladder often leads to the formation of gallstones.

Who is at Risk?


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Symptoms of Gallstones

    Gallstones may not cause any signs or symptoms. When a gallstone blocks the bile duct, it can result in the following signs: - Sudden and severe pain in the upper right side of the abdomen - Sudden and severe pain in the center of the abdomen, just below the breastbone - Pain in the back between the shoulder blades - Pain in the right shoulder - Nausea or vomiting The pain due to gallstones may last several minutes to a few hours.

How to Diagnose Gallstones?

    The diagnosis of gallstones is made with the help of specific tests and procedures. The two most common tests include: Abdominal ultrasound: The most common test for identifying gallstones is the abdominal ultrasound. The stomach region is probed with a transducer that is moved back and forth. Images of gallstones are produced from the signals received by a computer. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS): An endoscope, a small, flexible tube, enters the digestive tract through the mouth. A transducer present in the tube produces sound waves. These are converted into images. Blood tests: Apart from imaging, blood tests can help detect complications of gallstones, including infection, gallstone pancreatitis, jaundice, etc. There are a few other tests by which gallstones are detected, such as using imaging tests: - Oral Cholecystography, - Computerised Tomography (CT), - Hepatobiliary Iminodiacetic Acid (HIDA) scan and - Magnetic Resonance Cholangio Pancreatography (MRCP). - Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio Pancreatography (ERCP)

What Is the Treatment for Gallstones?

    Gallbladder removal or cholecystectomy: Your doctor may recommend cholecystectomy as the gallstones keep recurring. Removal of the gallbladder does not affect survival. One can live without a gallbladder. The liver secretes the bile directly into the small intestine instead of storing it in the gallbladder. Medications to dissolve the gallstone: Certain medications dissolve the gallstones. However, the dissolution may take months or years. The gallstone may recur after the treatment is stopped.

When Will The Doctor Suggest Surgery?

    When the gallbladder is severely affected, swollen and infected, the doctor will advise having gallstones surgically removed. Laparoscopic or laparoscopic cholecystectomy, open surgery, or open cholecystectomy are two popular gallstone surgery procedures.

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Frequently Asked Questions

In Thiruvananthapuram, the cost of open or laparoscopic surgery for gallstones may range from Rs. 75,000 to Rs. 1,50,000.

MediBuddy in Thiruvananthapuram offers both open surgery and laparoscopic surgery options. In accordance with the grade or severity of the gallstones, your doctor will recommend the best surgical approach.

Gallstones surgery is performed by gastroenterologists and general surgeons who specialise in gastrointestinal surgery.

Shock wave treatment or oral drugs can be used to treat specific types of gallstones. However, the gall bladder must be surgically removed to address serious problems.

You can; MediBuddy easily provides free consultations with specialised physicians in Thiruvananthapuram.

MediBuddy has a phenomenal 100% success rate on treatments for gallstones.

The patient often spends one to three days in the hospital following a gallstone surgery. About one week is needed for complete healing.