Diagnosis is done by studying medical history, examining, and gathering data. There are various instruments that can help with examinations. There are tests like hearing test, x-ray etc. that can provide further insight.
ENT problems can be caused by- infections, allergies, bacterial/fungal reactions, injuries, foreign bodies, chronic issues like tinnitus, recurrent vertigo & headaches, nosebleeds, difficulty swallowing, voice hoarseness. When these issues persist for a long time, it can be a sign of chronic ailments which urgently require a doctor’s attention.
No. Usually endocrinologists or physicians treat thyroid issues. However, related surgeries are done by ENT surgeons/head-neck surgeons.